The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved an at-home colon cancer test. Called Cologuard , it is the first stool-based screening test that detects certain DNA mutations and red blood cells that could be indications of colorectal cancer, according to the FDA. The test, which is ordered through a doctor’s office, can be done at home.
“Unlike many other screening options, Cologuard does not require medication or dietary restrictions, or bowel preparation prior to taking the test,” the manufacturer says.
The FDA says Cologuard could be used to help determine who is at risk of developing colorectal cancer at its earliest stages when the cancer is still asymptomatic. The agency approved the test this week.
I – Word Understanding
mutation – a change in genes that causes different characteristics from normal
asymptomatic – showing no symptoms
II – Have Your Say
1.Diagnosis is the process of identifying a disease or disorder in a person by examining the person and studying the results of medical tests. In order to make a diagnosis, a physician searches for information from three major sources: the patient himself or herself, a physical examination, and a laboratory examination.
2.Traditionally, Japan has had the lowest incidence of bowel cancer in the world. But in recent years, since a Western diet has been introduced into Japan, bowel cancer amongst the Japanese has risen.
3.According to a study, eating like a “caveman” cuts bowel cancer risk by half. Have you ever heard of the Paleo Diet?